and the Four Seasons
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 to 1741) was born in Italy, and was a BAROQUE style composer and violinist. His dad, Giovanni, taught him how to play the violin when he was a very young boy. Vivaldi taught music to young girls in an orphanage and composed lots of music for them!
His most famous work is the music he composed for the four seasons of the year: "The Four Seasons." The concertos are accompanied by poems that describe each season and the changes that are taking place.
For each season, there are three parts. The parts are titled with Italian words such as Allegro (joyfully) or Largo (slowly). These Italian words indicate the TEMPO of the piece—how fast or slow it should be played.
1) The first part is an Allegro. This music starts out joyful and very happy, because the farmers are celebrating the harvest with songs and dances. Can you hear the parts where a few of them get tired and fall asleep (music slows down)?
2) The second part is an Adagio molto, a very slow tempo. Can you hear how this music sounds as if the farmers were very tired and they wanted to go to sleep?
3) The last part is another Allegro. The music starts out march-like, when the hunters and dogs and horns are going boldly to hunt. When you hear the violin playing solo (alone), it is the fox that is fleeing from the hunters!